Beard and Moustache hair transplant is becoming very popular as the result is highly gratifying. Donor hair is extracted from the back of the scalp using FUE technique. The follicular units is cut into single hair follicle units. The implantation of the hair is very important as the angle and direction is very crucial. the transplanted area in the face can show minimal erythema for 2-3 weeks.
Variations in facial hair (Beard and mustache) is seen similar to the variations in scalp hair. The facial hair may be thick, thin, sparse or dense, depending upon the health conditions also.
Facial hair and body hair require high levels of testosterone and its conversion to 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone. Men having low levels of testosterone may lose facial hair (Beard and mustache) or sometimes the growth of facial hair is poor.
Some autoimmune diseases like diabetes, lupus, thyroid also cause hair loss.
Chemotherapy or radiotherapy in cancer treatment can also cause facial hair loss. In most cases the hair regrowth occurs if the causal disease is treated.
Alopecia areata is an auto immune disorder wherein hair loss is seen in patches on the scalp and if hair loss from the scalp is accompanied with loss of hair on the body and face then it is known as Alopecia Areata Universalis.
Alopecia barbae is a part of alopecia areata where hair loss is seen on the face only. It is a genetic disorder.
No particular treatment for alopecia areata. Hair regrowth occurs many times. Doctors sometimes prescribe corticosteroids, antiinflammatory drugs, minoxidil etc.
Traction alopecia is also seen in some individuals which can be reversed if the beard is let lose.